In the Graveyard of Empires: America’s War in Afghanistan

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - But jones argues that as early as 2001 planning for the Iraq War siphoned off resources and talented personnel, undermining the gains that had been made. After eight years, he says, the united states has managed to push al Qa’ida’s headquarters about one hundred miles across the border into Pakistan, the distance from New York to Philadelphia.

While observing the tense and often adversarial relationship between natO allies in the Coalition, Jones—who has distinguished himself at RAND and was recently named by Esquire as one of the “Best and Brightest” young policy experts—introduces us to key figures on both sides of the war. Jones examines the central question of our own war: how did an insurgency develop? Following the September 11 attacks, the United States successfully overthrew the Taliban regime.

Harnessing important new research and integrating thousands of declassified government documents, while Americans abandoned a successful strategy, failed to provide the necessary support, showing how a rising drug trade, and pervasive corruption undermined the Karzai government, Jones then analyzes the insurgency from a historical and structural point of view, poor security forces, and allowed a growing sanctuary for insurgents in Pakistan to catalyze the Taliban resurgence.

In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan #ad - Examining what has worked thus far—and what has not—this serious and important book underscores the challenges we face in stabilizing the country and explains where we went wrong and what we must do if the United States is to avoid the disastrous fate that has befallen many of the great world powers to enter the region.

It established security throughout the country—killing, capturing, or scattering most of al Qa’ida’s senior operatives—and Afghanistan finally began to emerge from more than two decades of struggle and conflict. A definitive account of the American experience in Afghanistan from the rise of the Taliban to the depths of the insurgency.

After the swift defeat of the taliban in 2001, american optimism has steadily evaporated in the face of mounting violence; a new “war of a thousand cuts” has now brought the country to its knees.

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Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics

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Princeton University Press #ad - Barfield vividly describes how afghanistan's armed factions plunged the country into a civil war, giving rise to clerical rule by the Taliban and Afghanistan's isolation from the world. Afghanistan traces the historic struggles and the changing nature of political authority in this volatile region of the world, from the Mughal Empire in the sixteenth century to the Taliban resurgence today.

Afghanistan is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how a land conquered and ruled by foreign dynasties for more than a thousand years became the "graveyard of empires" for the British and Soviets, and what the United States must do to avoid a similar fate. He shows how governing these peoples was relatively easy when power was concentrated in a small dynastic elite, but how this delicate political order broke down in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when Afghanistan's rulers mobilized rural militias to expel first the British and later the Soviets.

Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics #ad - Thomas barfield introduces readers to the bewildering diversity of tribal and ethnic groups in Afghanistan, cultural, explaining what unites them as Afghans despite the regional, and political differences that divide them. He examines why the american invasion in the wake of September 11 toppled the Taliban so quickly, and how this easy victory lulled the United States into falsely believing that a viable state could be built just as easily.

Armed insurgency proved remarkably successful against the foreign occupiers, but it also undermined the Afghan government's authority and rendered the country ever more difficult to govern as time passed.

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Revolutionary Iran: A History of the Islamic Republic

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Oxford University Press #ad - Throughout, he emphasizes that the Iranian revolution was centrally important in modern history because it provided the world with a clear model of development that was not rooted in Western ideologies. Its success unleashed a wave of Islamist fervor across the Middle East and signaled a sharp decline in the appeal of Western ideologies in the Islamic world.

Axworthy takes readers through the major periods in iranian history over the last thirty years: the overthrow of the old regime and the creation of the new one; the Iran-Iraq war; the reconstruction era following the war; the reformist wave led by Mohammed Khatami; and the present day, in which reactionaries have re-established control.

Revolutionary Iran: A History of the Islamic Republic #ad - In revolutionary iran, michael axworthy guides us through recent Iranian history from shortly before the 1979 Islamic revolution through the summer of 2009, when Iranians poured into the streets of Tehran by the hundreds of thousands, demanding free, democratic government. Axworthy explains how that outpouring of support for an end to tyranny in Iran paused and then moved on to other areas in the region like Egypt and Libya, leaving Iran's leadership unchanged.

The iranian revolution of 1979 was a defining moment of the modern era. Whereas the world's major revolutions of the previous two centuries had been fuelled by Western, secular ideologies, the Iranian Revolution drew its inspiration from Islam. Revolutionary iran is both richly textured and from one of the leading authorities on the region; combining an expansive scope with the most accessible and definitive account of this epoch in all its humanity.

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Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War against the Taliban

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Da Capo Press #ad - But america's initial easy victory is in sharp contrast to the difficulties it faces today in confronting the Taliban resurgence. Originally published in 2002, stephen Tanner's Afghanistan has now been completely updated to include the crucial turn of events since America first entered the country. For over 2, 500 years, and tartar, the forbidding territory of afghanistan has served as a vital crossroads for armies and has witnessed history-shaping clashes between civilizations: Greek, and, Mongol, in more recent times, British, Russian, Arab, and American.

Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War against the Taliban #ad - Troops entered afghanistan in the weeks following September 11, 2001, they overthrew the Afghan Taliban regime and sent the terrorists it harbored on the run. When U. S.

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Iraq: From War to a New Authoritarianism Adelphi series Book 434

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The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) #ad - Will it continue to suffer high levels of violence or even slide back into a vicious civil war? Will Iraq continue on a democratic path, as exemplified by the three competitive national elections held since 2005? And does the new Iraq pose a threat to its neighbours? This book seeks to answer three questions that are central to the country’s future.

Iraq: from war to a new authoritarianism by toby dodgethe 2003 invasion of Iraq was undertaken to dismantle a regime that had long threatened its own population and regional peace, as well as to establish a stable, democratic state in the heart of the Middle East. This adelphi looks at the legacy of that intervention.

Iraq: From War to a New Authoritarianism Adelphi series Book 434 #ad - It analyses the evolution of the insurgency, the descent into civil war and the ‘surge’ as a counter-insurgency strategy and examines US and Iraqi efforts to reconstruct the state’s military and civilian capacity.

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Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

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Penguin Books #ad - While iraq continues to attract most of american media and military might, Rashid argues that Pakistan and Afghanistan are where the conflict will finally be played out and that these failing states pose a graver threat to global security than the Middle East. Benazir bhutto’s assassination and the crisis in Pakistan are only the beginning.

Ahmed rashid is “pakistan’s best and bravest reporter” Christopher Hitchens. His unique knowledge of this vast and complex region allows him a panoramic vision and nuance that no Western writer can emulate. The #1 new york times bestselling author provides a shocking analysis of the crisis in Pakistan and the renewed radicalism threatening Afghanistan and the West.

His book taliban first introduced American readers to the brutal regime that hijacked Afghanistan and harbored the terrorist group responsible for the 9/11 attacks. Rashid has unparalleled access to the figures in this global drama, and provides up-to-the-minute analysis better than anyone else. Descent into chaos will do for central asia what thomas Rick’s Fiasco did for Iraq — offer a blistering critique of the Bush administration and an impassioned call to correct our failed strategy in the region.

Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia #ad - Rashid assesses what her death means for the region and the future. His conclusions are devastating: an unstable and nuclear-armed Pakistan, a renewed al’ Qaeda profiting from a booming opium trade, and a Taliban resurgence and reconquest. Now, rashid examines the region and the corridors of power in Washington and Europe to see how the promised nation building in these countries has pro-gressed.

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Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, Second Edition

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Yale University Press #ad - He offers the only authoritative account of the taliban available to English-language readers, its impact on Afghanistan and the region, its role in oil and gas company decisions, explaining the Taliban’s rise to power, and the effects of changing American attitudes toward the Taliban. Correspondent ahmed rashid brings the shadowy world of the Taliban—the world’s most extreme and radical Islamic organization—into sharp focus in this enormously insightful book.

Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, Second Edition #ad - He also describes the new face of Islamic fundamentalism and explains why Afghanistan has become the world center for international terrorism. New to this updated edition of the #1 New York Times Bestseller with more than 1. 5 million copies sold worldwide:o how the taliban has regained its strengtho how and why the taliban has spread across Central Asiao How the Taliban has helped Al’Qaida’s spread into Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Far Easto Why the Afghan people feel the United States is losing the waro A major new introduction and an all-new final chapter.

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Modern Warfare: A French View of Counterinsurgency

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#ad - In a book that became one of france's greatest best sellers since world war ii, had learned his Mao Tse-tung the hard way, Jean Lartéguy gave the name of "centurion" to the hard-bitten French regular who had survived the Indochina war, and later had sought to apply his lessons in Algeria or even in mainland France.

Of that centurion-as the reader no doubt knows, even if i should ever disagree with the course they choose to follow, this was the title of the company commanders who formed the backbone of the Roman Legions-Lartéguy says: "I shall always feel attached to those men, and dedicate this book to the memory of all the centurions who perished so that Rome might survive.

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Insurgency and Terrorism: From Revolution to Apocalypse, Second Edition, Revised

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Potomac Books #ad - Author Bard E. Now insurgency and terrorism has been thoroughly revised and updated to cover activity that has since occurred in Afghanistan, Iraq, Colombia, the Philippines, and elsewhere and to address the new tactics and weapons used—and threatened. Observers, military personnel, scholars, journalists, students, and government analysts worldwide found it worthy of study.

O'neill, organizational dynamics, strategies, the role and means of acquiring popular support, addresses insurgencies with respect to ultimate goals, forms of warfare, the director of studies of insurgency and revolution at the National War College, types of external support, causes and effects of disunity, and government responses.

Insurgency and Terrorism: From Revolution to Apocalypse, Second Edition, Revised #ad - Course syllabi included. A systematic, and straightforward textbook for analyzing and comparing insurgencies and terrorist movements, comprehensive, Insurgency and Terrorism was first published in 1990 to broad acclaim.

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War of the Flea: The Classic Study of Guerrilla Warfare

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Potomac Books #ad - War of the flea's timeless analysis of the guerrilla fighter’s means and methods provides a fundamental resource for any reader seeking to understand this distinct form of warfare and the challenge it continues to present to today’s armed forces in the Philippines, Colombia, and elsewhere. Whether ideological, or religious, nationalistic, all guerrilla insurgencies use similar tactics to advance their cause.

The guerrilla fights the war of the flea, ubiquitous, and his military enemy suffers the dog’s disadvantages: too much to defend; too small, and agile an enemy to come to grips with. With these words, robert taber began a revolution in conventional military thought that has dramatically impacted the way armed conflicts have been fought since the book’s initial publication in 1965.

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Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: Counter Insurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam

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Praeger #ad - The british army, because of its traditional role as a colonial police force and the organizational characteristics that its history and the national culture created, was better able to quickly learn and apply the lessons of counterinsurgency during the course of the Malayan Emergency. The american army resisted any true attempt to learn how to fight an insurgency during the course of the Vietnam Conflict, preferring to treat the war as a conventional conflict in the tradition of the Korean War or World War II.

Armies are invariably accused of preparing to fight the last war. This is the first study to apply organizational learning theory to cases in which armies were engaged in actual combat. Nagl examines how armies learn during the course of conflicts for which they are initially unprepared in organization, training, and mindset.

Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: Counter Insurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam #ad - He compares the development of counterinsurgency doctrine and practice in the Malayan Emergency from 1948-1960 with that developed in the Vietnam Conflict from 1950-1975, through use of archival sources and interviews with participants in both conflicts. In examining these two events, he argues that organizational culture is the key variable in determining the success or failure of attempts to adapt to changing circumstances.

Differences in organizational culture is the primary reason why the British Army learned to conduct counterinsurgency in Malaya while the American Army failed to learn in Vietnam.

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